How can we Prevent Cavities?

It is a common belief that if you brush your teeth, floss it daily and maintain your dental hygiene appointments, it will help you to keep the cavities away. However, many people, despite trying can be more prone to cavities than those who are not attentive about their oral hygiene. It is due to the fact that some people are naturally prone to cavity formation in their teeth, as it runs in their family. Even though, there is no cure for it, but, you can prevent it by making your dental health more effective.

Causes of Cavities

There is no scientific proof to substantiate the claim that regular brushing and flossing will prevent cavities in your mouth, however, it is known for certain that the tooth decay can be caused because of two things, which are the consumption of sugar and genetics.


The formation of cavities cannot happen without the excessive use of sugar in your diet. The bacteria in the mouths feed on sucrose which is a major component of sugar. The bacterium reproduces and nurtures between the teeth by causing tooth decay. It is more likely to occur if you already have holes, small cracks and deep crevices in your teeth. The people who are prone to cavities cannot overlook the negative impact of sugar on their teeth. Therefore, they can consult the dentist for avoiding it.


Some people by birth have deeper crevices in their teeth than others. It creates a more room for bacteria to grow into the tooth and it can create a cavity in your mouth. This can be prevented with the use of dental sealant which dentist applies to the grooves of the teeth in order to give you an additional protective layer. You can also be more prone to cavities if you do not produce enough saliva in your mouth. The saliva contains bicarbonate, calcium, and phosphate which are helpful in repairing the tooth decay and it neutralizes acid that can increase plaque in your teeth.  There are some medications which can play a role in decreasing the saliva production in the mouth.

The other cause includes smoking, stress, aging, chemotherapy, and autoimmune disorders that are responsible for making your mouth dry. The dentist can help in increasing the production of saliva by various means in addition to recommending intake of water throughout the day.

Preventing Cavities

The brushing and flossing on the regular basis are not effective in preventing cavities; however, it can decrease the cavity formation up to 20 percent if you use the toothpaste that contains fluoride. You can reduce your sugar intake and carbohydrates, which can convert it into sugar in the mouth. It will also decrease the chances of getting a cavity. If you have the cavity, it can be repaired with the dental bonding.

Avoid Snacking

When you eat or drink cold drinks other than water, it destroys the enamel because a bacterium in your mouth creates acids which are harmful to the teeth.  If you snack or drink during the day and your teeth are under attack, as the teeth are not properly cleaned.

Eat Healthy Food

Some foods and drinks are good for your teeth than others. You can avoid food that gets stuck in grooves and pits of your teeth for a long time. For instance, chips, candy, and cookies are few of the bad choices. You must brush after eating sugary food. Moreover, fresh fruits and vegetables increase saliva production in your mouth. The use of sugar-free coffee, tea, and sugar-free gum can facilitate you in getting rid of the food particles. In addition, keeping your teeth cleaned with the help of teeth whitening kit is quite effective.

Fluoride Treatments

The dentist can recommend periodic fluoride treatments if you aren’t getting enough fluoride through drinking water and other sources rich in fluoride.

Antibacterial Treatments

If you are prone to tooth decay, for example, due to some medical condition, your dentist can recommend the antibacterial mouthwashes or other treatments to reduce the harmful bacteria in the mouth. The use of antibacterial treatments is effective in preventing cavities in the mouth.

The tooth decay aggravates when food containing carbohydrates sugars and starch including bread, cereals, milk, soda, fruits, cakes, and candy are left on your teeth. The bacterium that lives in the mouth feeds on these foods and transforms them into acids. Consequently, the bacterium reacts to form acid on the food debris in form of plaque, which can get attached to your teeth. The acids in plaque destroy the enamel, an outer surface of the teeth in terms of causing holes in the teeth called cavities. Researchers are developing new means to prevent tooth decay in the mouth. One study proved that a chewing gum that contains the sweetener, it can prevent the growth of bacteria responsible for tooth decay. Similarly, the different types of materials release fluoride that can help to prevent the tooth decay. These materials are placed between teeth or in fissures of teeth. Toothpaste and mouthwashes can also prevent the early cavities formation in your mouth.

To conclude, you can prevent cavities by decreasing the amount of plaque and bacteria in your mouth. The best way is to brush and floss your teeth daily. You also can use antibacterial mouthwashes to control the levels of bacteria that cause cavities in your mouth. The mouthwashes neutralize the effect of acid in your mouth to make it less friendly for the growth of these bacteria. Another way is to avoid starchy foods in your diet, as the mouth will remain acidic when you eat starchy food. Therefore, avoid the snacks after having the meal. The chewing gum containing xylitol can decrease the bacterial growth in the mouth, as it is not a food source for bacteria.

Moreover, you can consult your dentist for preventing cavity formation in your mouth and for keeping good oral health. If you brush your teeth and floss them, it decreases the chances of cavity formation, but it is not enough because some are bound to get cavities. The formation of cavities in the mouth can also be avoided by making your teeth whitening kit more effective and by adding antibacterial toothpaste and mouthwashes.


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